I used to write and execute codes on my laptop. But recently I have been more frequently working with supercomputers and remote servers. HPCs and towers are definitely much powerful than my laptop. Therefore, I would like to have a way to easily program on those plotforms, for example, in R.
If you have root permission on the remote server, I recommend using Rstudio server. You can get a recoverable browser-based interface for R programing on the remote server.
Based on my personal preferences for the VI-style, there is another solution with the following tools. I have to be honest, VIM is hard to configure and use. If you are not comfortable working with VIM, please avoid this.
- Linux Homebrew for installing NeoVim on Cheyenne within my user space;
- NeoVim as the primary IDE for working with R scripts;
- Vundle.vim is the plug-in manager for NeoVim;
Note: When you configure the file
vimrc, the file to create/modify is not the usual
~/.vimrc which is for VIM, but
.config/nvim/init.vim which is for NeoVim.
- Nvim-R as the plug-in to support editting R code. Usage of this plug-in can be found here;
- rmote as the R package which provides remote render of R visualization;
With this solution, I can use a VI-style editor on Cheyenne to work with an R session and at the same time see the visualization locally using a browser.
Installation for these tools are detailed in their documentation. After all the tools are installed, here is what I do each time to set up my environment for working with R.
# Log onto Cheyenne with dedicated port number as indicated by rmote ssh -L 4321:localhost:4321 -L 8100:localhost:8100 email@example.com # Load modules for R module purge && module load R/3.5.2 # Start NeoVim and coding nvim script.R # # Start a browser locally to see visulization # at localhost:4321 #
This is what my developing environment looks like.
I do noticed some possible issues related with the compatibility on Cheyenne with LinuxBrew. These problems might just be relevant to Cheyenne.
- Man page does not work with LinuxBrew directory added to
PATH. Every time when I type
man cpI will receive a segmentation fault. So my solution is, since I just need
NeoVimto function, I removed the directory of LinuxBrew from
PATHand added an alias for
- System default environment is changed. The most notable difference is that the system default loaded modules are changed. I resolved this by adding
module purge && module load [packages]to
.bash_profileto load the default modules manually.
Appendix - vimrc
This is my final configuration file for NeoVim for reference.
" be iMproved, required set nocompatible " required filetype off " set the runtime path to include Vundle and initialize set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim call vundle#begin() " alternatively, pass a path where Vundle should install plugins "call vundle#begin('~/some/path/here') " let Vundle manage Vundle, required Plugin 'VundleVim/Vundle.vim' " Molokai color scheme Plugin 'tomasr/molokai' " For working with R Plugin 'jalvesaq/Nvim-R' " Tree Plugin 'scrooloose/nerdtree' Plugin 'xuyuanp/nerdtree-git-plugin' " Indent guide Plugin 'nathanaelkane/vim-indent-guides' " All of your Plugins must be added before the following line call vundle#end() " required " better and easier indentation filetype plugin indent on " required filetype plugin on filetype indent on " To ignore plugin indent changes, instead use: "filetype plugin on " " Brief help " :PluginList - lists configured plugins " :PluginInstall - installs plugins; append `!` to update or just :PluginUpdate " :PluginSearch foo - searches for foo; append `!` to refresh local cache " :PluginClean - confirms removal of unused plugins; append `!` to auto-approve removal " " see :h vundle for more details or wiki for FAQ " Put your non-Plugin stuff after this line let mapleader = ',' " easy navigation if has('macunix') nnoremap ∆ <C-W>j nnoremap ˚ <C-W>k nnoremap ˙ <C-W>h nnoremap ¬ <C-W>l nnoremap <Leader>= <C-W>+ nnoremap <Leader>- <C-W>- nnoremap <Leader>. <C-W>> nnoremap <Leader>, <C-W>< else nnoremap <A-j> <C-W>j nnoremap <A-k> <C-W>k nnoremap <A-h> <C-W>h nnoremap <A-l> <C-W>l endif nnoremap <leader>j <C-W><S-j> nnoremap <leader>k <C-W><S-k> nnoremap <leader>l <C-W><S-l> nnoremap <leader>h <C-W><S-h> " easy tab navigation nnoremap <leader>1 1gt nnoremap <leader>2 2gt nnoremap <leader>3 3gt nnoremap <leader>4 4gt nnoremap <leader>5 5gt nnoremap <leader>6 6gt nnoremap <leader>7 7gt nnoremap <leader>8 8gt nnoremap <leader>9 9gt " move lines easily if has('macunix') inoremap <D-j> <Esc>:m .+1<CR>==gi inoremap <D-k> <Esc>:m .-2<CR>==gi vnoremap <D-j> :m '>+1<CR>gv=gv vnoremap <D-k> :m '<-2<CR>gv=gv nnoremap <D-j> :m .+1<CR>== nnoremap <D-k> :m .-2<CR>== else inoremap <C-j> <Esc>:m .+1<CR>==gi inoremap <C-k> <Esc>:m .-2<CR>==gi vnoremap <C-j> :m '>+1<CR>gv=gv vnoremap <C-k> :m '<-2<CR>gv=gv nnoremap <C-j> :m .+1<CR>== nnoremap <C-k> :m .-2<CR>== endif " basic settings colorscheme molokai set guifont=Monaco:h14 set gcr=a:block-blinkon0 set foldmethod=indent set foldlevelstart=99 set background=dark set encoding=utf-8 set relativenumber set softtabstop=4 set cursorcolumn set shiftwidth=4 set noignorecase set nocompatible let $LANG = 'en' set ignorecase set lazyredraw set cursorline set incsearch set expandtab set tabstop=4 set hlsearch set autoread set nowrap set ruler set noeb set cul! noremap <F2> :vsplit $HOME/.config/nvim/init.vim<CR> autocmd FileType r inoremap ,- <- " NERDTree settings map <F3> :NERDTreeMirror<CR> map <F3> :NERDTreeToggle<CR> " Suggested setup for Nvim R " Use Ctrl+Space to do omnicompletion: if has('nvim') || has('gui_running') autocmd FileType r inoremap ,- <- inoremap <Tab> <C-x><C-o> else autocmd FileType r inoremap ,- <- inoremap <Nul> <C-x><C-o> endif " Press the space bar to send lines and selection to R: vmap <Space> <Plug>RDSendSelection nmap <Space> <Plug>RDSendLine